10 Examples of Material and Abstract Noun

Nouns are an integral part of the English language, and they can be classified into various types based on their characteristics. Two such classifications are material and abstract nouns. While material nouns refer to physical substances, abstract nouns represent ideas, emotions, or concepts. Understanding the difference between the two can help in better communication and effective writing. In this article, we will explore 10 examples of material and abstract nouns to help you differentiate between them.

10 Examples of Material and Abstract Noun

Definition of Material and Abstract Nouns:

Before we dive into the examples, let’s first understand what material and abstract nouns are.

Material Nouns:

Material nouns refer to physical substances that we can see, touch, or feel. They include things like metals, fabrics, liquids, gases, wood, plastic, stones, paper, food, glass, etc.

Abstract Nouns:

Abstract nouns represent ideas, emotions, or concepts that cannot be seen or touched. They include things like love, beauty, anger, courage, honesty, happiness, freedom, intelligence, joy, wisdom, etc.

List of Material Nouns:

Metals: Gold, silver, iron, copper, aluminum, etc.

Fabrics: Cotton, silk, wool, polyester, denim, etc.

Liquids: Water, milk, juice, oil, gasoline, etc.

Gases: Oxygen, nitrogen, helium, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, etc.

Wood: Oak, pine, maple, cedar, birch, etc.

Plastic: Polyethylene, PVC, polystyrene, nylon, etc.

Stones: Granite, marble, quartz, limestone, sandstone, etc.

Paper: Newspaper, notebook, tissue, cardboard, etc.

Food: Bread, cheese, meat, vegetables, fruits, etc.

Glass: Wine glass, window glass, mirror, vase, etc.

10 Examples of material nouns used in sentences:

  1. Gold is a valuable material used in jewelry and electronics.
  2. The chair is made of wood, a sturdy material.
  3. We need to buy more paper, we’re running low on that material.
  4. The steel beams held up the building, proving their strength as a material.
  5. The fabric used in this dress is silk, a luxurious material.
  6. The road was constructed using asphalt, a durable material.
  7. The phone case was made of plastic, a common material for electronic devices.
  8. The window was shattered, and the glass material was scattered across the floor.
  9. The table was carved from marble, a hard material often used in sculpture.
  10. The building was constructed using concrete, a sturdy and reliable material for construction.

List of Abstract Nouns:

Love: The feeling of deep affection.

Beauty: The quality of being visually attractive.

Anger: The feeling of strong displeasure.

Courage: The ability to do something brave.

Honesty: The quality of being truthful.

Happiness: The feeling of joy or contentment.

Freedom: The state of being free.

Intelligence: The ability to learn and understand things.

Joy: The feeling of great pleasure.

Wisdom: The quality of having good judgment.

10 Examples of abstract nouns used in sentences:

  1. Love is a powerful emotion that can bring people together.
  2. Honesty is an important value that should be upheld in all relationships.
  3. Freedom is a fundamental human right that should never be taken away.
  4. Courage is the ability to face fear and overcome it.
  5. Happiness is a state of mind that can be achieved through positive experiences.
  6. Intelligence is a quality that allows individuals to learn and understand complex ideas.
  7. Creativity is the ability to produce original and imaginative ideas.
  8. Justice is the fair and equitable treatment of all individuals under the law.
  9. Trust is a crucial component of any healthy relationship.
  10. Wisdom is the ability to make sound judgments and decisions based on experience and knowledge.

Difference Between Material and Abstract Nouns:

While material nouns represent physical substances, abstract nouns represent ideas or concepts. Material nouns can be seen or touched, while abstract nouns cannot. Material nouns are concrete, while abstract nouns are intangible. For example, you can touch a metal like gold but you cannot touch an abstract noun like happiness. Material nouns are often used to describe tangible objects or things, while abstract nouns are used to describe emotions, concepts, and ideas.

FAQs about Material and Abstract Nouns:

  1. Q: Can a noun be both material and abstract? A: No, a noun can only be either material or abstract. It cannot be both at the same time.
  2. Q: Can a noun change from being material to abstract? A: Yes, a noun can change its classification based on its usage. For example, the noun ‘water’ is a material noun when referring to the physical substance, but it can become an abstract noun when referring to the concept of water as a source of life.
  3. Q: Can a proper noun be material or abstract? A: Yes, proper nouns can be classified as material or abstract based on their characteristics. For example, ‘gold’ is a material proper noun, while ‘freedom’ is an abstract proper noun.
  4. Q: How can knowing the difference between material and abstract nouns help in effective communication? A: Understanding the difference between material and abstract nouns can help in clear and effective communication. It can help in choosing the right words to express ideas, emotions, and concepts. For example, using the right noun can make the difference between saying “I love you” and “I have affection for you”.


Nouns are an essential part of the English language, and they come in different types, including material and abstract nouns. While material nouns refer to physical substances, abstract nouns represent ideas, emotions, or concepts. By understanding the difference between the two, you can improve your communication skills and use language more effectively. We hope this article has helped you understand 10 examples of material and abstract nouns and how they differ from each other.

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