Let – Past Tense, Past Participle, Verb Forms V1 V2 V3 V4 V5

The English language is full of irregular verbs that can be difficult to master. One such verb is “let.” Despite its seemingly simple meaning, “let” has a complex set of verb forms, including the past tense, past participle, and various verb forms. In this article, we’ll explore everything you need to know about “let” and its different forms.

Let - Past Tense, Past Participle, Verb Forms V1 V2 V3 V4 V5

What is “let”?

Before we dive into the different forms of “let,” let’s first define what the verb means. “Let” is a transitive verb that means to allow or permit. It is often used in the context of giving permission, such as “I let my son stay up late.”

What are the different forms of “let“?

Like many English verbs, “let” has several forms that can be used in different tenses and contexts. These forms include:

  • V1 (Base Form): Let
  • V2 (Past Simple): Let
  • V3 (Past Participle): Let
  • V4 (Present Participle/Gerund): Letting
  • V5 (Third-person singular simple present): Lets

Let’s explore each of these forms in more detail.

V1 (Base Form): Let

The base form of “let” is simply “let.” It is used to indicate permission or to express a suggestion. For example:

  • Let me know if you need any help.
  • Let’s go to the park.

V2 (Past Simple): Let

The past tense of “let” is also “let.” It is used to indicate that permission was given or that something was allowed in the past. For example:

  • I let my friend borrow my car last night.
  • She let her dog off the leash at the park.

V3 (Past Participle): Let

The past participle of “let” is also “let.” It is used to form the present perfect and past perfect tenses. For example:

  • I have let my guard down in the past and regretted it.
  • She had let her hair grow long over the summer.

V4 (Present Participle/Gerund): Letting

The present participle/gerund of “let” is “letting.” It is used to form progressive tenses and to indicate an ongoing action. For example:

  • He is letting his hair grow out for a new role.
  • They were letting the paint dry before applying a second coat.

V5 (Third-person singular simple present): Lets

The third-person singular simple present form of “let” is “lets.” It is used when referring to someone or something else giving permission or allowing something. For example:

  • My boss lets me take a break every two hours.
  • The park lets dogs off-leash during certain hours.

Idioms and Phrases with “Let”

  1. Let bygones be bygones: This phrase means to forget about past conflicts or problems and move on.

Example: “I know we had a disagreement, but let bygones be bygones and start fresh.”

  1. Let someone off the hook: This idiom means to excuse someone from blame or responsibility.

Example: “The boss let me off the hook for the mistake I made on the report.”

  1. Let the cat out of the bag: This phrase means to reveal a secret or confidential information.

Example: “I didn’t mean to let the cat out of the bag, but I accidentally told her about the surprise party.”

Tips for Using “Let” Correctly

  1. Use “let” to express permission or giving someone the authority to do something.

Example: “I’ll let you borrow my car if you promise to return it by tomorrow.”

  1. Use “let” to suggest or make a polite request.

Example: “Let’s go out for dinner tonight.”

  1. Use “let” in the negative form to express refusal or unwillingness to allow something.

Example: “I won’t let you go out with your friends until you finish your homework.”


Q: Is “let” an irregular verb? A: Yes, “let” is an irregular verb.

Q: Can “let” be used in the future tense? A: Yes, “let” can be used in the future tense. The future tense is formed by adding “will” before the base form of the verb, such as “I will let you know when I’m ready.”

Q: What is the difference between “let” and “allow”? A: “Let” and “allow” are synonyms, but “let” is often used in the context of giving permission, while “allow” is used more generally to indicate that something is permitted.


In conclusion, “let” is a common English verb that has several different forms and uses. Understanding the different forms of “let” can help you communicate more effectively and use the verb correctly in your writing and conversation. So, the next time you encounter the verb “let,” remember to consider its past tense, past participle, and other verb forms and use them appropriately.

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